The man who envissioned Spider-Man, Iron Man, the Hulk and a cavalcade of other Marvel Comics superheroes, Stan Lee, has died at the age of 95, his daughter said on Monday.
These comics became mythic figures in pop culture with a huge success at the movie box office.
Lee, as a writer and editor, was key to the ascension of Marvel into a comic book, titan, in the 1960s.
He then, in collaboration with artists such as Jack Kirby and Steve Ditko, created superheroes who would enthrall generations of young readers.
“He felt an obligation to his fans to keep creating.
“He loved his life and he loved what he did for a living. His family loved him and his fans loved him. He was irreplaceable,” his daughter, J.C. Lee, said in a statement to the media.
She did not mention Lee’s cause of death but the TMZ celebrity news website said an ambulance was called to Lee’s Hollywood Hills home early Monday and that he died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.
Americans were familiar with superheroes before Lee, thanks to the 1938 launch of Superman by Detective Comics, the company that would become DC Comics, Marvel’s archrival.
Lee was widely credited with adding a new layer of complexity and humanity to superheroes.
His characters were not made of stone – even if they appeared to have been chiseled from granite. They had love and money worries, and endured tragic flaws or feelings of insecurity.
“I felt it would be fun to learn a little about their private lives, about their personalities and show that they are human as well as super,” Lee told NPR News in 2010.
He had help in designing the superheroes but he took full ownership of promoting them.
His creations included web-slinging teenager Spider-Man, the muscle-bound Hulk, mutant outsiders, The X-Men, the close-knit Fantastic Four and the playboy-inventor Tony Stark, better known as Iron Man.
Dozens of Marvel Comic movies, with nearly all the major characters Lee created, were produced in the first decades of the 21st century.
They grossed over 20 billion dollars at theaters worldwide, according to box office analysts.
Spider-Man is one of the most successfully licensed characters ever.
He has soared through the New York skyline as a giant inflatable in the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade.
Lee, as a hired hand at Marvel, received limited payback on the windfall from his characters.
In a 1998 contract, he wrestled a clause for 10 per cent of profits from movies and TV shows with Marvel characters.
In 2002, he sued to claim his share, months after “Spider-Man” conquered movie theaters. In a legal settlement three years later, he received a 10 million dollars one-time payment.
Hollywood studios made superheroes the cornerstone of their strategy of producing fewer films and relying on big profits from blockbusters.
Some people assumed that, as a result, Lee’s wealth had soared. He disputed that.
“I don’t have 200 million dollars. I don’t have 150 million dollars . I don’t have 100 million dollars or anywhere near that,” Lee told Playboy magazine in 2014.
” Having grown up in the Great Depression, Lee added that he was “happy enough to get a nice paycheck and be treated well.”
In 2008, Lee was awarded the National Medal of Arts, the highest government award for creative artists.
Lee was born as Stanley Martin Lieber in New York on Dec. 28, 1922, the son of Jewish immigrants from Romania.