+How It Triggers Many Changes In Their Lives
Did you know that these days many young ladies are hitting Menopause quite early? Did you also know that as early as when they are in their 40s many of them suffer Menopause? We can tell you this for free. Menopause is the time in a woman’s life when menstrual periods cease. It is defined medically as the absence of menstrual periods for 12 consecutive months. The average age for a natural menopause is 51. But these days, menopause occurs earlier, due to diseases, genetic factors, or surgery. There is also a wide variation among women regarding the timing of normal menopause.
Despite being a natural process in the body of any woman, menopause can cause drastic changes that trigger severe symptoms.
FAST FACTS ON MENOPAUSE
Menopause marks the end of a woman’s fertility.
Symptoms of menopause include night sweats, hot flashes, mood fluctuations, and cognitive changes.
A reduction in estrogen levels can lead to the symptoms of menopause.
There are a number of medical treatments and home remedies that can help with symptoms, including Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) and self-management techniques.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
While menopause is not a disease or disorder, it does trigger some profound changes in a woman’s body. A diagnosis of menopause is confirmed when a woman has not had a menstrual period for one year. However, the symptoms of menopause generally appear before the end of that one-year period.
(1) IRREGULAR PERIODS
Changes to the menstrual pattern are the first noticeable symptoms of menopause. Some women may experience a period every 2 to 3 weeks. Others will not menstruate for months at a time.
(2) LOWER FERTILITY
Perimenopause is the 3-to-5-year period before menopause. During the perimenopausal stage, a woman’s estrogen levels will drop significantly. This reduces her chances of becoming pregnant.
(3) VAGINAL DRYNESS
Dryness, itching, and discomfort of the vagina tend to occur during perimenopause. As a result, some women may experience dyspareunia, or pain during sex. Women experience this pain due to lowering estrogen levels. These lower levels cause vaginal atrophy. Vaginal atrophy is an inflammation of the vagina that happens as a result of the thinning and shrinking of the tissues, as well as decreased lubrication.
(4) HOT FLASHES
A hot flash is a sudden sensation of heat in the upper body. It may start in the face, neck, or chest, and progress upward or downward. The skin may become red and patchy, and a woman will typically start to sweat. Her heart rate may suddenly increase, strengthen, or become irregular. Hot flashes generally occur during the first year after a woman’s final period.
Hot flashes that occur during the sleep cycle are called night sweats. Most women say their hot flashes do not last more than a few minutes.However, studies have confirmed that moderate-to-severe night sweats and hot flashes may pose a problem for around 10.2 years.
(6) DISTURBED SLEEP
It can be difficult for women to fall asleep and stay asleep as they progress through menopause.In some cases, night sweats can lead to discomfort during the night and difficulty sleeping. Sleep disturbance may also be caused by insomnia or anxiety.
(7) URINARY PROBLEMS
Menopause can disrupt a woman’s urinary cycle.
Women tend to be more susceptible to Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) during menopause, such as cystitis. They may also find that they also need to visit the toilet more often.
(8) EMOTIONAL CHANGES
Women can experience depression and low mood during menopause. Hormonal changes can often trigger depressed feelings and mood swings. In many cases, these emotional symptoms also go hand-in-hand with sleep disturbance. Women may also experience low libido, or sex drive, as a result of these emotional changes. Problems focusing and learning.
Menopause can affect cognitive functions, such as concentration.Some women may also experience short-term memory problems and difficulty focusing for long periods.
Other Symptoms of menopause include: (1) A buildup of fat in the abdomen, sometimes leading to overweight and obesity (2) Hair loss and thinning hair (3) Breast shrinkage.
Without treatment, symptoms usually taper off over a period of 2 to 5 years. However, symptoms can persist for longer. In some cases, vaginal dryness, itching, and discomfort can become chronic and eventually get worse without treatment.
Menopause can lead to the development of complications, including:
Cardiovascular disease: A drop in estrogen levels has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Osteoporosis: A woman may lose bone density rapidly during the first few years after menopause. Low bone density leads to a higher risk of developing osteoporosis.
Urinary incontinence: Menopause causes the tissues of the vagina and urethra to lose their elasticity. This can result in frequent, sudden, and overwhelming urges to urinate. These urges can be followed by involuntary loss of urine. Women may involuntarily urinate after coughing, sneezing, laughing, or lifting during menopause.
Breast cancer: Women face a higher risk of breast cancer following menopause. Regular exercise can significantly reduce the risk.
During menopause, women can pursue a number of treatments to maintain comfort. Most women do not seek medical advice during this time, and many women require no treatment. However, a woman should visit a doctor if symptoms are affecting her quality of life. Women should choose the type of therapy dependent on their menopausal symptoms, medical history, and personal preferences.
Women can keep the symptoms of menopause at bay by supplementing their estrogen and progestin levels. Hormone replacement therapy can be received through a simple patch on the skin. This patch releases estrogen and progestin. HRT is highly effective for many of the symptoms that occur during menopause.
There are benefits to HRT, but be conscious of the risks:
BENEFITS OF HRT
HRT effectively treats many troublesome menopausal symptoms. It can help prevent osteoporosis. HRT can lower the risk of colorectal cancer.
RISKS OF HRT
HRT raises the risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and uterine cancer. It increases the risk of coronary heart disease risk and stroke.
Hormonal therapy slightly accelerates loss of tissue in the areas of the brain important for thinking and memory among women aged 65 years and over.
There are other medicines available to help reduce the effects of menopause. Low-dose antidepressants
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) have been shown to decrease menopausal hot flashes. Drugs include: Venlafaxine (Effexor), Fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), Paroxetine (Paxil, others), Citalopram (Celexa).
DRUG TREATMENT FOR HOT FLASHES
Hot flashes can be treated using gabapentin, available under the brand name Neurontin, and clonidine, which is often sold as Catapres.
Clonidine can be taken either orally as a pill or placed on the skin as a patch. It is effective in treating hot flashes, but unpleasant side effects are common, including constipation, dry eyes, and nightmares.
Treatments for osteoporosis include dietary supplements and drug therapy.
A doctor should be able to diagnose Menopause or Perimenopause in a woman using her age, questions about her menstrual patterns, and feedback about any physical signs.
Tests for Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH) may be carried out, as menopause causes FSH levels to rise.
However, there is no definitive test to diagnose menopause or perimenopause. FSH is also not always a reliable indicator of menopause, as FSH levels tend to fluctuate during menopause and perimenopause.
Under certain circumstances, a doctor may order a blood test to determine the estrogen level. Low thyroid activity can cause similar symptoms to those seen in menopause, so a doctor may recommend a blood test to determine the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone.
It is often possible to manage the symptoms of menopause without medical intervention.
Exercise during menopause can have a range of benefits, including preventing weight gain, reducing cancer risk, protecting the bones, and boosting general mood.
Pilates, for example, has shown great benefit in reducing all menopausal symptoms not related to the urinary system and genitals, including sleep problems and hot flashes.
Women should exercise earlier in the day during menopause to avoid causing any interruptions to their sleep cycle. Kegel exercises can be useful for preventing urinary incontinence. These are exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor. Practicing 3 or 4 times a day can lead to a noticeable improvement in symptoms within months.
It is important to maintain a healthful and varied diet when managing the bodily effects of menopause. Researchers found that omega-3 may ease psychological distress and depressive symptoms.
Omega-3 is available in foods such as oily fish. Supplements are also available. Women experiencing menopause should eat a well-balanced diet that includes:
Vegetables, Fruits, Whole grains, Unsaturated fats, Fiber, Unrefined carbohydrates.
Try to consume between 1,200 and 1,500 milligrams (mg) of calcium and plenty of vitamin D each day.
OTHER STEPS TO SELF-MANAGE MENOPAUSE SYMPTOMS
There are a few ways for a woman to comfortably accommodate the effects of menopause:
Avoid tight clothing.
Limit the consumption of spicy food, caffeine, and alcohol.
Stay sexually active to reduce vaginal dryness.
Keep stress levels to a minimum, and get plenty of rest.
Maintain a cool and comfortable temperature in the bedroom at night to minimize night sweats.
Wake up and go to sleep at the same times every day to regulate the sleep cycle.
Smoking can exacerbate symptoms, so avoiding it is important. Staying active and healthy and responding to symptoms rapidly can help a woman maintain a good quality of life during menopause.
– Culled from MediCal News Today
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